Huge security flaw lets anyone log into a High Sierra Mac


November 28, 2017

by Devin Coldewey TechCrunch

Update: Apple has acknowledged the issue and is working on it. Statement and workaround below.

Wow, this is a bad one. On Macs running the latest version of High Sierra — 10.13.1 (17B48) — it appears that anyone can log in just by putting “root” in the user name field. This is a huge, huge problem. Apple will fix it probably within hours, but holy moly. Do not leave your Mac unattended until this is resolved.

The bug is most easily accessed by going to Preferences and then entering one of the panels that has a lock in the lower left-hand corner. Normally you’d click that to enter your user name and password, which are required to change important settings like those in Security & Privacy.

No need to do that any more! Just enter “root” instead of your user name and hit enter. After a few tries, it should log right in. There’s no need to do this yourself to verify it. Doing so creates a “root” account that others may be able to take advantage of if you don’t disable it.

The bug appears to have been first noticed by Lemi Orhan Ergin, founder of Software Craftsman Turkey, who noted it publicly on Twitter.

Needless to say, this is incredibly, incredibly bad. Once you log in, you’ve essentially authenticated yourself as the owner of the computer. You can add administrators, change critical settings, lock out the current owner, and so on. Do not leave your Mac unattended until this is resolved.

So far this has worked on every preference panel we’ve tried, and when I used “root” at the login screen it immediately created and pulled up a new user with system administrator privileges. It didn’t work on a 10.13 (17A365) machine, but that one is also loaded up with AOL bloatware — sorry, Oath bloatware — which may affect things.

Apple offered the following statement:

We are working on a software update to address this issue. In the meantime, setting a root password prevents unauthorized access to your Mac. To enable the Root User and set a password, please follow the instructions here: If a Root User is already enabled, to ensure a blank password is not set, please follow the instructions from the ‘Change the root password’ section.

You can find Directory Utility via the instructions in that link, but you can also hit command-space now to open Spotlight and just type it in. Once it opens, click the lock and enter your password and then under the Edit menu you’ll have the option to change the root password. It looks like this:

Anything’s better than nothing, which is the password the root user has now, but make it strong just in case.

We hope Apple has a fix soon because even though this workaround exists, we can’t be sure of the extent of this particular flaw until Apple takes a look. No one should leave their Mac unattended until this is resolved.

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Guide for Those New to Casinos

Gambling, Hobbies

November 21, 2017

The initial visit to a casino can be something to behold. Sights of flashing lights, audible bells and alarms consistently rings, and other such attention-getters are plentiful. It can be a bit to digest, making it difficult to post a game plan or strategy once you have entered this new-found kingdom. If there is one thing you can do before trekking these new grounds, it is to study up. Materials detailing casino games, odds-making, and other such content associated with these mainstays is publicized heavily. The internet is the primary source, but many people have found success writing books and publications about casinos and their games. We have built this guide to help you find your footing in this space. Who knows, you may even win some money if you pay attention to the prescribed signs and advantages we are about to present to you.

New to Casinos, at First Glance

When you first step into a casino, you will notice many different visuals that seem appealing. Sounds will encompass the airwaves, helping to perk up your ears and listen in. These main attractants are the first representations of discourse. Following these noises and sights is a step in the wrong direction. Casinos will host equip their most quirky machines with these items. They may look nice, but don't touch. These machines are loaded with longshot odds, often carrying the largest advantage to the casino on the entire floor. This is a common practice for most casinos. They will draw in those who have little knowledge of the casino space by catering to the main senses: sight and sound. Hold your reins tight and avoid this initial draw.

Your first area of scope should be the player's club. These are incentive programs that casinos offer their players. Enrollment is often free, and the player stands to receive some sort of playing credit or bonus just for applying. If you find yourself handing over credit card information and other such banking information, back out. Some of these programs are dedicated to the VIP players or players who spend way too much dough at these establishments. Ensure you are aware of the difference between these two programs so you don't begin by signing your personal belongings away to the casino. These programs won't disrupt your life, but there should be a free player's club offering. Shoot for this model. Most casinos will start you off with minimal amounts of free playing credits, sometimes as high as $20, which starts you off in the green or in an optimal position to sample the gameplay options.

You should also set your eyes on a comfort or cool down place. There are many different lounges that are housed in these casinos. Some casinos also feature a resort add-on. There should be a few different “safe” areas for you to sample from. While you may find a coffee shop with astronomical prices, this can mark a perfect cool down spot. Most of the lounges and other little shops will feature a clock, which is something you should also be consistently aware of. It is easy to lose yourself in the sights and sounds of a casino. You can lose track of time easily. You will also find that there are no visible timepieces or time clocks on the machines. This is by design. The more time you play, the better chance the casino has at draining your stream of funds. You cannot win forever, so finding a place to sit back will you are ahead or re-group when you have burned through your allocated gambling funds is good practice. Source: Casino Report

Knowing the Games

The second stage revolves around some understanding of the different gameplay offerings a casino holds. There are many different instances of gaming. Some hold better odds for the players, while others act as prayers for large payouts that usually keep the casino's piggy bank full. The first thing to know is the house always wins. Casinos implement proprietary strategies and functions that will always keep them ahead. Do you ever notice how very few stories are released regarding casino bankruptcy? In partner to that, how many stories do you hear about people losing it all at a casino? The results are skewed in favor of the casino 10 times out of 10. There is no gaming strategy that you can implement that could cause for a casino takedown, so save your dreams for your pillow. With knowing and recognizing this information, there are certain games that benefit a user. The odds will never be stacked in your favor, but instances of increased chances are not uncommon.

Most of the increased instances of chances reside in the strategy space. Games like Blackjack, Video Poker and other such games that involve a sense of thought are catered towards the player. The first instance of the increase comes in the knowledge advantage. Study up on the history of the game, going over certain odds streams and other such patterns. Using Blackjack as an example, you can actively increase your chances as the game progresses and with numerous opponents at the table. A single deck gameplay fashion also suits your odds, due to understanding remaining card types. For example, in the game of Blackjack, there are 16 different cards in the deck that hold a value of 10. An Ace holds the value of a 1 or an 11, whichever benefits the user. Since all cards are shown during the course of a game, one can actively view the availability of these sought-after high cards. If you are playing at a table with 4 other players and no face cards are shown for their 2-card draws, your odds of landing one of those increases. While this remains slight in scope to a 52-card deck, it is an advantage none-the-less. Locating the novice player or one that seems to be meaninglessly throwing away money can be an instance of success. These users will be more likely to take a “hit” on their draw in hopes of landing the famed “21” hand or “Blackjack”.

Video poker is the rare unicorn in the casino room. Some machines will feature a user advantage, albeit slight. Casinos range anywhere from a 0.40-0.60 advantage on video poker machines. Some simple math will show that the amounts coming in less than 0.50 to the casino's advantage would favor the player. Keeping this thought in the back of your head, your odds are increased in the video poker space. Basic card knowledge should still be applied, and these numbers should never be assumed. Most casinos will list these advantages somewhere on the outer portion of the machine or within the subcategories on the touchscreen.

Other card games, that include the element of human error and gutsy decision-making skills, give you the best odds of winning at a casino. These games are not for the meek and honing up on your skills prior to playing is highly recommended. With the many different applications available to users in the free space, you can download simple, mimicked versions of these games. This will give you a basic feel for how the playthrough occurs and allows you to track your instances of wins to losses. While this isn't an all-inclusive tool, it is something you can use to gain your footing before landing at a home-based casino.

After tailoring some of the best gameplay options, there are many instances that you should stay away from. Reverting to our initial entry to this guide, the flashing lights and loud sounds are just a distraction. They attract users to machines that host some of the highest casino advantages across the casino floor. They represent an instance of compromise, a draw for those who aren't as strong-minded as you are about to be. These games operate purely on chance and luck. There is no form of applied skill that one can use to calculate instances of winning and whether a machine is hot or not. Viewing someone wasting away hundreds of dollars and then trying to play is not a sure thing. Everything is calculated, and most of this calculation comes on an individual basis. Casinos will track user play and they know when to start someone off on a positive note. If you find success in the slot space, get out while you can. This is a glimmer that often loses its luster in quick fashion.

The same can be said for the table game of roulette. Notice, when you view a roulette table, how the color coding goes. There are red numbers, black numbers, and two green numbers. Almost immediately the user is attracted to the green numbers due to the difference in color. Would it surprise you to know that selecting a green number, as opposed to another number, carries the exact same odds? Most get lost in the sauce of color coding and brighter, larger spaces. This is yet another instance of casino calculation. They take their hardest instances of winning and display them in big, bright letters and colors. While these instances also mark the largest portions of winnings, the luck element does not disappear. If you must play roulette or like tracing your eyes in endless circles as the ball traces the playing field, bet the colors or even/odd instances. This is a 50/50 chance that pays out double what you bet. Not enough to make a living or a killing at the casino, but enough to gain the satisfaction of playing the game.

Setting Your Limits

The novice user often goes into this experience with high expectations and low amounts of funding. Anything we have ever been told associating to casinos and gambling is that life-changing instances can happen. Speaking of things that can happen, you could get struck by lightning in broad daylight. Is it likely? No. Can it happen? Sure. I think you've got the point on that comparison. It is important to set a limit to keep yourself in check. The best way to make this happen is to leave the debit and credit card at home. Withdraw your maximum playing amount and split it into sections. You can spend all your amounts on one game, but it is fun to explore a little.

Section your playing funds into separate patterns and periods. For example, if I have $100 to play with at a casino, I will dumb that $100 into 5 $20 bills to start. I will place $20 in my vehicle and only take $80 into the casino. Separate these funds into different pockets or areas of your checkbook. Start with only using one $20 bill. See where this takes you. If you find success from this initial amount, use your winnings as your playing cash. If you aren't successful, find that cool off place that you selected previously before returning to the playing room. A little time to regroup and calm yourself can bode well for continuing to play at a casino. Spending all of your funds quickly will only spoil your experience.

If, at any time, you exceed your initial playing amount, ensure you take the proper proceedings. The best course of advice is to secure your initial starting amount and lock it away in a safe place. This will not only make your winnings gravy, it will also help keep you sane in the light of victory. Remember, it is common for users to find initial success at whichever machine or table game they play. This initial stream of success is most common in the slot machine space. While this may seem all fine and dandy, it remains highly calculated and right on schedule with the casino's strategy. You have to be able to differentiate between dollar signs and stop signs. The second the dollar signs start to pop up is when you should begin to tamper your excitement and playing amounts. It is often downhill from there, leaving you with your own prescribed ways to rely on. Apply a proper gambling strategy and know your limits.

Carry Yourself Correctly

No one likes the guy who goes on a drunken tirade after consuming too many of the free cocktails. Others don't appreciate the loud screamer and attention-grabber that lets the whole room know when they have won $1.50. Carry on your way much like you would if you were in any other public establishment. There are many different individuals walking around a casino, all coming from different walks of life. Chatter and small-talk are okay but refrain from drawing too much attention. The casino is always at high attention, understanding the moves and counter moves of all patrons. If they notice you making a scene, you may be asked to leave or may even see a decrease in the success of play.

At the table games, refrain from touching your cards unless you are told to do so or are playing a game that requires you to do so. Performing this action may disqualify you from a hand or may cause for you to be banned from playing that game. While the dealing of bans is rare, it is not impossible. Respect the space and the fact that there is money on the line. Everyone is there for the same purpose: to leave with more than they started with. With all of the same mindsets floating around in one space, it is easy to get carried away. Keep your reverence, act accordingly, and respect the space like you would when entering someone else's home.

Those who act accordingly also stand better chances at being comped meals, playing funds, or even gaining insights from the dealers. Dealers have been perfecting their craft for quite some time and can tell when a player is new to a game. They may give you small tips, which is completely legal, to help you out. Their advice is free and often unbiased; take these little helpers when you can. They aren't going to tell you to hit on an 18 in a game of Blackjack, but they will recommend that you stay and verify your decisions in certain situations. These aren't little voices in your head, these are opinions of individuals who live and breathe this life day in and day out. Take little pointers, it can't hurt.

Check Your Point Earnings

Casinos are consistently running promotions and contests. When you visit, it is important to ensure you have your player's card ready and are using it for all forms of gameplay. Go over your course of play for the day or night and check your point balance at the end. You may be able to reach levels that allow you to additional playing credits or prizes. These points accumulate at every game you will play at the casino, causing them to add up quickly. Maybe you can leave with a little casino swag such as a t-shirt, hat, gloves, or a souvenir. At other times, new players receive an increased point amount for their time spent playing. These points can equate to credits for additional play. It is important to save this check for the end of the night and after you have reached your cash-out level or have spent your limit. It can represent the cherry on top of a successful night or can be that last hope at reaching the green. Whatever the case may be, do not ignore the free promotional offers. They are there to benefit your course of play and give you an extra boost when you are down. If it's free of strings and doesn't require forking over too much personal information, it is a program you can get behind as a player. Source

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Thirty Human Rights You Might Not Know


November 16, 2017

Thirty Human Rights You Might Not Know You Have

Article 1 Right to Equality
Article 2 Freedom from Discrimination
Article 3 Right to Life, Liberty, Personal Security
Article 4 Freedom from Slavery
Article 5 Freedom from Torture and Degrading Treatment
Article 6 Right to Recognition as a Person before the Law
Article 7 Right to Equality before the Law
Article 8 Right to Remedy by Competent Tribunal
Article 9 Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Exile
Article 10 Right to Fair Public Hearing
Article 11 Right to be Considered Innocent until Proven Guilty
Article 12 Freedom from Interference with Privacy, Family, Home and Correspondence
Article 13 Right to Free Movement in and out of the Country
Article 14 Right to Asylum in other Countries from Persecution
Article 15 Right to a Nationality and the Freedom to Change It
Article 16 Right to Marriage and Family
Article 17 Right to Own Property
Article 18 Freedom of Belief and Religion
Article 19 Freedom of Opinion and Information
Article 20 Right of Peaceful Assembly and Association
Article 21 Right to Participate in Government and in Free Elections
Article 22 Right to Social Security
Article 23 Right to Desirable Work and to Join Trade Unions
Article 24 Right to Rest and Leisure
Article 25 Right to Adequate Living Standard
Article 26 Right to Education
Article 27 Right to Participate in the Cultural Life of Community
Article 28 Right to a Social Order that Articulates this Document
Article 29 Community Duties Essential to Free and Full Development
Article 30 Freedom from State or Personal Interference in the above Rights

Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,

Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,

Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,

Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,

Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.

Flowers, N. (2017, February 6) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (abbreviated). Retrieved from

Download the PDF here.




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Subscription Boxes for Men


November 16, 2017

Whether you're looking for a gift idea for a friend or loved one, or just want to treat yourself, there are subscription boxes for men out there for every taste and budget. The boxes listed below are just the tip of the iceberg for what you might find at your doorstep each month!

Five Four Club

If your wardrobe needs an update, the Five Four Club subscription service might be a good option to try. You start by taking a short style quiz that helps them figure out what your fashion sense is.

After that, you'll get about two clothing items a month in styles that range from hipster to classic: past boxes have included items like button-down shirts, chinos, and jeans.

Five Four costs about $60 a month and offers free size exchanges.


Harry's was founded in 2013, so they've been in the subscription box service for a pretty long time.

They're a company that ships you razors and other shaving accessories.

Harry's offers different “shave plans” that starts with a free trial and can be built to recurring shipments of blade and gel refills.


Hello Fresh

If you're more of a foodie, Hello Fresh lets you make about 3-4 meals per week, depending on the plan you pick and how many people you're cooking for.

You can choose from one of 13 recipes each week and the menu is always changing. (They even offer a “veggie” plan for vegetarian/vegan chefs.) Each box has a clear recipe card and ingredients that are already portioned out.

Hello Fresh has a wine club in addition to their regular recipe box. The wines are curated to complement each Hello Fresh meal.

There's a mixed wine plan, but you can also choose a specifically red or white plan depending on your taste preferences. Each wine box includes six bottles and has an online segment with tasting notes and advice on food pairings.


Tasting Room

The Tasting Room box lets you unleash your inner sommelier with new wines every month. The company sends you full-sized bottles of either red or white wines, and you can choose how many bottles you want per shipment.

You establish your taste profile by rating a kit of six mini bottles. After that, you can continue to refine your preferences by rating each new bottle that Tasting Room sends you.

As a subscriber, you also get to preview your orders and cancel any wines that don't look good.


Bespoke Post

Bespoke Post sends boxes that fit a specific theme. While the theme changes each month, some common categories are related to drinking, travel, and grooming supplies.

You'll get things like whiskey, cigars, sunglasses, and hair gel that are all from the indie brands that Bespoke Post partners with.

You have the option to skip a theme that doesn't interest you. Bespoke Post also offers a single-month box for a trial run.



Battlbox is specifically designed for the outdoorsman in you, whether you're roughing it in the wild for days at a time, or just going fishing for the afternoon.

The monthly themes are called “missions.” Past missions have been called “Deep in the Woods,” “Zombie Box,” and “Self Reliance.”

Each box has a “mission card” that gives a situation report telling the story behind the box's contents. Boxes typically include items like knives, self-preserving food, and tactical gear.

You start at the “basic” level, which typically has about 4 items per box, but can spend more to upgrade to the “advanced,” “pro,” or even “pro plus” levels for more specialized equipment.

The website lets you preview the box's contents and purchase the items directly.

Loot Crate

Satisfy your inner nerd with the geeky contents of a Loot Crate. The company's monthly boxes are specifically designed around fandom – whatever that means to you.

There are different themes that you can choose from. Some boxes are for pop culture and television or film fans, while others are for gamers.

Sometimes LootCrate also sells limited-edition boxes that are one-off collections based on popular series such as Stranger Things. There are even Loot Crates for pets. If you don't want a particular theme, you can also order general apparel boxes (or “LootWear”) that offer t-shirts, socks, and underwear.

Gentleman's Box

The Gentleman's Box subscription is very similar to Bespoke Post in that it is also oriented around sending unique lifestyle items from smaller brands. The Gentleman's Box is partnered with GQ, so each box includes a one-year subscription to the magazine. You also get about 4-6 items such as accessories and grooming supplies. The monthly theme is a type of gentleman, from a “space officer” to a “master distiller.”

Not only are there themed boxes, but you can also choose the “mystery box” at either the $100 or $200 value range.

The mystery box is a blend of products from previous boxes. If you want to narrow down the Gentleman's Box offerings even further, the company has an apparel subscription service with their “tie of the month” or “sock of the month” clubs. The premium box subscription is a quarterly box shipment that sends you of $300 worth of a variety of accessories at $100 per quarter.


This particular subscription is a good choice if you're a true coffee connoisseur. MistoBox curates your monthly coffee shipment based on a brief taste quiz. Select your preferred roast level, type of coffee (or decaf), and how often you drink it. Finally, you choose what “experience” you want. The “favorites” option will send you the same coffee in every delivery.

The “adventure” option will send you 80 different coffees at once, from over 25 different roasters. You can pick if you're shopping for yourself or sending the MistoBox as a gift.

The coffee in the personal boxes is roasted and shipped immediately. Gift boxes are sent on a scheduled basis and you have the choice to include coffee accessories like a mug.

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The Terzo Millennio Lamborghini


November 16, 2017

In the world of supercars, Lamborghini has always held a special place. For the past several decades, Lamborghini has been producing some of the most recognizable supercars in the world. Owning a Lamborghini has become a symbol of wealth and opulence in a way unique to this brand. We have come to expect not only excellence from Lamborghini but also cutting-edge styling. Each new Lamborghini is a hard, flat wedge of futuristic technology and aggressive lines that are sure to turn heads everywhere it is driven. The question becomes, what is next? Where is there to go from here for Lamborghini? And with oil prices rising, the future of the supercar is starting to look a little uncertain. How can companies continue to make these fuel hungry machines as the world's supply of fossil fuels begins to dwindle? Never to be left behind, Lamborghini is currently working on the answers to these questions, and the results thus far are impressive.

What if the new Lamborghini didn't need gasoline at all?

What if it were all electric? And what if it were made of futuristic materials that are self-healing? That's right, self-healing. This is what Lamborghini has in mind for its new concept car, the Terzo Millennio, which literally translates as Third Millennium. This car pushes the boundaries in a way never before seen by Lamborghini or any other supercar producer working today. The car itself is supposed to be completely electric. No Lamborghini V12 roaring away from the center of the vehicle as we have come to expect from this Italian maker. They are proposing an all-electric car. At this point, many of us are familiar with more than one brand of electric car and we know that battery packs for electric cars take up a lot of space and weight a ton, so how does Lamborghini intend to address this obvious obstacle to performance and speed? They are going to craft the body panels from the battery material itself.

This may sound crazy, but the plan is to craft body panels for the Terzo Millennio which function as the part which will store the electricity needed to operate the vehicle. Lamborghini claims that these panels will also be self-healing. The car will be able to run a self-diagnostic check to identify cracks in the body panels and will then heat up the material around these cracks and fuse the edges back together seamlessly, effectively healing itself. They plan on accomplishing this by utilizing supercapacitors instead of traditional batteries. Supercapacitors are much lighter than traditional batteries and they are able to discharge their stored energy much faster than traditional batteries, permitting much faster acceleration than even the Tesla Model S. This technology sounds completely impossible to produce, but reserve any judgement, because Lamborghini has teamed up with some of the most gifted and talented minds available today at the labs inside of MIT.

Teaming up with the smartest engineers they could find at MIT proves that Lamborghini is committed to seeing this concept car become a reality. Unlike so many concept cars that are never put into production, Lamborghini fully intends to produce this car. The Lamborghini research and development team is partnering directly with MIT in a collaboration that has never been seen before. This partnership is already producing some incredible ideas. For instance, the system of getting power to the wheels in the Terzo Millennio is a brand new idea: each wheel will have its own electric motor which operates independently from the rest and will glow bright red while in use. This feature will give the car incredible maneuverability and handling while having the added benefit of looking incredible as the electric supercar goes whizzing by.

The styling seen in the concept images of the Terzo Millennio is outlandish, even by Lamborghini's standards. Yes, it is another hard, flat wedge of incredible technology, but it is so much more than that. The glowing engines on each wheel draw the eye instantly to the bottom of the car where we see that rather than tucking the wheel in close to the inside of the car like we are sued to seeing with the Gillardo, Lamborghini has chosen to sculpt gorgeous, curved fenders around the futuristic wheels. The body of the car is filled with tunnels and channels which are all part of the aerodynamics of the car and add to the cutting edge look of the whole picture. The car will most likely be available in Lamborghini's famously garish color pallet, but the concept version of the Terzo Millennio is black, and it is stunning. The dark color allows the futuristic wheels to steal the show, and the final product will also most likely look best in a similarly dark color.

So is this truly the future of supercar technology? We have already seen a turn toward hybrid technology with the Porsche 918, a hybrid supercar which utilizes both a gas motor and an electric motor together to produce incredible horsepower. Since the hybrid supercar barrier has already been crossed, it was only a matter of time before one of the manufacturers took the next logical step and produced an entirely electric version of the supercar concept. The excitement surrounding the development and eventual release of the Terzo Millennio is undeniable, and leaves onlookers asking just one question: when can we buy one?

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Interesting Factual Tidbits About 5 Countries


November 16, 2017



Trivia Sweden

  1. Despite being a military power in the 17th century and one of the world’s largest producers of weapons, Sweden has not participated in any war for almost two centuries, including both world wars.
  2. Around 2,000 years ago, the Svear people gave Sweden its name. In their language, svear meant “us” and rikemeant “kingdom.” So, Sverige, the modern Swedish name of the country, means “Our Kingdom.”
  3. With a tax rate of 51.4% of GDP, Swedes are one of the most highly taxed populations in the world. Ironically, they are generally happy to pay a high tax rate, and the Swedish word for tax is skatt, or “treasure.”
  4. Swedish parents are entitled to 480 days of paid parental leave—and of those, 60 days are reserved for the father. In 2012, dads used 24% of the total parental leave.
  5. Sweden has had seven Nobel Prize winners in Literature, including Selma Lagerlöf, who was the first woman to win the prize in 1909. Her birthplace at Mårbacka is a national shrine.
  6. An average of 1,836,000 meatballs are eaten daily in all of Ikea’s 313 stores worldwide. Ikea was founded in Sweden in 1943 by Ingvar Kamprad.
  7. The Swedish three-point seatbelt is claimed to have saved 1 million lives. It was launched by Volvo in 1959 and is found in 1 billion vehicles worldwide.

Bartholomew, J. (2017, February 6) 73 Interesting Facts about Sweden. Retrieved from



Trivia German

  1. The name “Germany” comes from the Latin Germania, the Roman name for the lands north of the Alps, where the Barbarian tribes lived. The French, Spanish, and Turkish call it Allemagne, Alemania, and Almanya, respectively, after the Alemanni tribe. Italians call the country Germania, but the German language in Italian is called Tedesco.
  2. In Bavaria, beer is officially defined as staple food, like bread, and not as alcohol.
  3. Berlin’s Zoologischer Garten is the largest zoo in the world both in terms of number of species (1,500) and animal population (14,000). Germany boasts more than 400 registered zoos.
  4. Over 1,500 kinds of sausages are made in Germany.
  5. Over 300 kinds of bread are made in Germany.

Bartholomew, J. (2017, January 30) 65 Interesting Facts about Germany. Retrieved from


United Kingdom

Trivia Great Britain

  1. The word “Britain” is derived from the name of a Celtic tribe, the Brythons.
  2. The word “England” comes from “Angle-land,” or land of the Angli, or Angles, a Viking tribe that came across the North Sea and settled in the east and north. The French name for England, Angleterre, also literally means “Land of the Angles.”
  3. At its zenith in the 18th century, the British Empire stretched 20% of the world’s surface and contained a quarter of the world’s population.
  4. For the British, the position of monarch probably ranks as one of history’s least safe occupations. English kings have been killed in battle (Harold), beheaded (Charles I), assassinated (William II), murdered by a wicked uncle (Edward V), and knocked off by the queen and her lover (Edward II).
  5. Nowhere in England is more than 75 miles (121 km) from the sea.

Lehnardt, K. (2017, February 7) 78 Interesting Facts about the United Kingdom. Retrieved from



Trivia Canada

  1. Kanatais the St. Lawrence-Iroquoian word for “village” or “settlement.”
  2. “O Canada,” originally named “Chant national,” was written by Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French lyrics) and Calixa Lavallée (music) and first performed in Quebec City in 1880. The song was approved by the Parliament of Canada in 1967 as the unofficial national anthem and adopted officially on July 1, 1980.
  3. The border between Canada and the United States is officially known as the International Boundary. At 5,525 miles, including 1,538 miles between Canada and Alaska, it is the world's longest border between two nations.
  4. The Canadian motto, A Mari Usque ad Mare, means “From sea to sea.”
  5. Although Nova Scotia was granted the British Empire's first flag by King Charles I in 1625, Canada did not have a national flag until February 15, 1965, when its maple leaf flag was adopted by its parliament. Before that, the red ensign, a British maritime flag, was in general use.
  6. At 3,855,103 square miles, Canada is the second largest country in the world, behind Russia.

Kuligowski, T. (2016, December 5) 43 Interesting Facts about Canada. Retrieved from


New Zealand

Trivia New Zealand

  1. When it was determined by Dutch explorers that New Zealand was not attached to the South American continent, they changed its name from Staten Landt (South America) to Nova Zeelandia (New Zealand), after the Dutch province of Zeeland.
  2. Wellington, New Zealand, is the southernmost national capital in the world at latitude 41.2° South. It also shares the honor of being the most remote capital with Canberra, Australia, over 1,243 miles (2000 km) away.
  3. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is the official queen of New Zealand. She is represented in the country by a governor general.
  4. New Zealand/Māori ex-prostitute Georgina Beyer became the world’s first transsexual Member of Parliament in 1999.
  5. New Zealand’s Ninety-Mile Beach is only 56 miles (90 km) long.
  6. New Zealanders enjoy one of the world’s highest life expectancy rates—82.3 years for females and 78.3 years for males.

Kuligowski, T. (2016, November 6) 70 Interesting Facts about New Zealand. Retrieved from

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Aukey KM-G3 RGB Mechanical Keyboard Review: Clicky Keys for Cheap


November 14, 2017

This article originally appeared on Wired.

Aukey is one of those electronics companies that makes everything. It’s known for battery packs and power solutions, but the Chinese manufacturer also makes Bluetooth speakers, drones, dash cams, VR headsets, clip-on iPhone lenses, flashlights, aromatherapy infusers, and selfie sticks. And of course, it sells all that stuff direct to consumers through Amazon at rock-bottom prices.

A few months ago, I took delivery of an Aukey mechanical keyboard. I was eager to try it because I prefer typing on mechanical keyboards, and I’m always on the lookout for new models to test. But also, I wanted to try it because Aukey makes mechanical keyboards? Most models come from companies that specialize in these tactile typing devices, or at least in hardware for PC gamers. Enthusiasts love the clicky keyboards from Das, Logitech, Razer, WASD, and Corsair—none of whom have built a business selling aromatherapy pods or 5,000 mAh battery bricks. This makes things interesting.

Aukey KM-G3 RGB Mechanical Keyboard



A mechanical typing and gaming experience for under $70. Fun, customizable lighting effects. Full-size, 104-key device with tactile, clicky switches. Comfy ergonomics.


Cheap feel to the construction of the case and especially the ABS plastic keys. Switches are fine, but a little wiggly. Keycap font possibly chosen by a 12-year-old. Hella loud. For real, somebody's going to call the cops on you.


How We Rate

  • 1/10A complete failure in every way
  • 2/10Sad, really
  • 3/10Serious flaws; proceed with caution
  • 4/10Downsides outweigh upsides
  • 5/10Recommended with reservations
  • 6/10Solid with some issues
  • 7/10Very good, but not quite great
  • 8/10Excellent, with room to kvetch
  • 9/10Nearly flawless
  • 10/10Metaphysical perfection

The Aukey KM-G3 RGB mechanical keyboard is a backlit model with 104 keys, including the 10-key pad and a full row of function keys. Beneath the keycaps on my review unit are blue switches. (Keyboard nerds can skip this part. Key switches come with different stiffnesses, different feel under the fingers, and different noise levels. The variations are discernable by color. Blue switches offer medium stiffness with an extra loud CLICK.) You can get Aukey keyboards with other switches; the KM-G4 variant has browns, for example. The switches in Aukey’s boards aren’t the expensive, revered Cherry MX switches from Germany, but rather a set made in Asia by Outemu. Either way, Aukey says they’re good for 50 million strokes; pretty durable.

The keys look, feel, and sound cheap. There’s a noticeable thinness to the ABS plastic keycap, a bit of wiggle under the fingers when your hands are at rest, and a plasticky inelegance to the sound of the keypress. It’s here that I should mention the KM-G3 RGB sells for $66 on Amazon. In the world of mechanicals, that’s really inexpensive. Most mechanical keyboards for gamers and serious typists sit north of $100, with the best models in the $130 to $170 range. This Aukey keyboard definitely has the feel of something less expensive, but it delivers the real-deal mechanical typing experience with springy keypresses and just the right amount of friction at the middle of the stroke.

Can You Hear Me Now?

On the first day, I plugged the Aukey into my iMac and remapped the modifier keys to work with MacOS, then started blowing through emails. Pretty soon, the Slack notifications began. “What is that NOISE” and “omg mike your keyboard” and “why the FUCK can I hear you typing five desks away?” Apparently, the noise pollution I was spraying all over the office was unacceptable—though to be honest, even if my coworkers had been the blushing, shy wallflowers I’ve always taken them for, I should have expected such shaming. Blue switches are notoriously loud. But the switches in this Aukey are super-duper loud. I pulled two other blue-bedecked keyboards out of our storage closet (one Razer, one Cherry MX) to gauge the difference. Typing was much, much louder on the Aukey.

As garish as its honk is its look. The case is a drab olive with silver and black highlights. The typeface on the keycaps follows the unfortunate trend in gaming hardware of being stuck in the future-military universe where all writing is boldly stenciled so as to appear more threatening. Ho hum.

As the RGB in the product name should tell you, there are some crazy lighting effects under those keys. The default setting is a nice red backlight, and you can modulate it to be one of seven colors. But let’s go further. Pressing FN and Home lets you individually set each key to be a different color. You can save up to five custom color layouts. Less tedious is the bank of nine preset light modes. You get the ripples-in-a-pond effect, the slow-breathing effect, and the effect where every key slowly fades out after you press it, which makes it easy for everyone around you to learn your passwords. I found the most annoying but also most delightful setting, a constantly cycling, full-color rainbow that washes over the whole keyboard. Every day is Pride!

Pressing Issue

It may be cheap, it may be loud, and it may hurt your eyes, but the Aukey RGB offers a totally decent typing experience. It has a mild springiness, similar to but slightly more than what I get from my more expensive keyboards with brown switches. It also sits at a comfortable angle and has a roomy layout, so typing on it for hours at a stretch isn’t an issue. If you’re picky about using a particular brand of switch, or if your officemates demand total silence, the RGB KM-G3 isn’t for you. But if you want to upgrade from the boring, mushy keyboard that came in the box with your Dell—and you want to do it for under $70—the loud and proud Aukey will get you there.

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